Section: User Manual (1)
Updated: 2003 Jun 19
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- APG Bloom filter management program
-f filter -n numofwords [-q] [-s]
-f filter -d dictfile [-q] [-s]
-f filter -a word [-q]
-f filter -A dictfile [-q]
-f filter -c word [-q]
-f filter -C dictfile [-q]
is used to manage Bloom filter that is used to restrict password generation
in APG pasword generation software. Usage of the Bloom filter allows to speed
up password check for large dictionaries and has some other benefits.
The idea to use Bloom filter for that purpose is came from the description of
the OPUS project OPUS: Preventing Weak Password Choices
Purdue Technical Report CSD-TR 92-028 writen by Eugene H. Spafford.
You can obtain this article from:
It has very nice description of Bloom filter and it's advantages for password
In simple words, apgbfm generates n hash values for every word and
sets corresponding bits in filter file to 1. To check the word apgbfm
generates the same hash functions for that word and if all n corresponding
bits in filter file are set to 1 then it suppose that word exists in dicionary.
apgbfm uses SHA-1 as a hash function.
apgbfm can be used as standalone utility, not only with apg, or
- WARNING !!!
Filter file format can be changed
in the future. I'll try to make file formats compatible but i can not guaranty this.
- WARNING !!!
apgbfm may slow down your computer during filter creation.
- -f filter
use filter as the name for Bloom filter filename.
- -i filter
print information about filter.
- -n numofwords
create new empty filter for numofwords number of words. Useful when you
want to fill filter dynamicaly.
- -d dictfile
create new filter from dictfile. It may take a lot of time to
generate filter from a big dictionary. In that dictionary you may place
words (one per line) that should not appear as generated passwords.
For example: user names common words, etc. You even can use one of the
dictionaries that come with dictionary password crackers.
This check is case sensitive. For example, if you want to reject word 'root',
you should insert in dictfile words: root, Root, RoOt, ... , ROOT.
To indicate that program is working apgbfm prints dot for every 100
words added in dictionary.
- -a word
add word to the filter.
- -A dictfile
add all words from dictfile to the filter. To indicate that program is working
apgbfm prints dot for every 100 words added in dictionary.
- -c word
check word for appearance in the filter.
- -C dictfile
check every word from dictfile for appearance in the filter.
create new filter in case-insensitive mode.
print version information.
print help information.
On successful completion of its task,
will complete with exit code 0. An exit code of -1 indicates an error
occurred. Textual errors are written to the standard error stream.
If you've found one, please send bug description to the author.
This man page is Alpha too.
Adel I. Mirzazhanov, <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Project home page: http://www.adel.nursat.kz/apg/
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